06/07/2012 17:38:47
Clinton: La Russie et la Chine vont «payer le prix» pour leur soutien à Assad
On ne pourra modifier la situation que si chaque pays ici présent montre dans les plus brefs délais que la Russie et la Chine payeront pour leur tendance à freiner le progrès [dans le règlement de la crise]", a déclaré Mme Clinton, ajoutant qu'il était "impossible de tolérer cette situation.
RIA NOVOSTI / Russia Today
TEXTE  TAILLE
Augmenter la taille
Diminuer la taille

Hillary Clinton

La secrétaire d'Etat américaine Hillary Clinton a appelé vendredi les "amis de la Syrie" réunis à Paris à faire pression sur la Russie et la Chine qui entravent, selon elle, le règlement du conflit syrien, rapportent les médias français.

"On ne pourra modifier la situation que si chaque pays ici présent montre dans les plus brefs délais que la Russie et la Chine payeront pour leur tendance à freiner le progrès [dans le règlement de la crise]", a déclaré Mme Clinton, ajoutant qu'il était "impossible de tolérer cette situation".

Paris a accueilli vendredi une nouvelle rencontre des "amis de la Syrie", groupe réunissant les représentants d'une cinquantaine de pays occidentaux et arabes, et de plusieurs organisations internationales.

Le chef de la diplomatie russe Sergueï Lavrov a fait savoir après la conférence sur la Syrie, tenue le 30 juin à Genève, qu'il n'était pas nécessaire de convoquer d'autres forums pour résoudre le problème syrien. M. Lavrov a dans le même temps souligné que Moscou ne soutenait pas les objectifs poursuivis par les "amis de la Syrie", qui "cherchent à attiser la confrontation au lieu de réunir des conditions propices à un dialogue national sans aucune ingérence extérieure".

Lors de la rencontre de Genève, les ministres des Affaires étrangères des cinq membres permanents du Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU, de la Turquie et de pays représentant la Ligue arabe sont tombés d'accord sur les principes du règlement de la crise syrienne. Ces principes prévoient la création d'un gouvernement de transition réunissant toutes les parties au conflit et doté de la totalité des pouvoirs exécutif.

Cependant, certains représentants occidentaux, dont le chef de la diplomatie française Laurent Fabius, ont déclaré après la rencontre que les ententes intervenues à Genève excluaient la participation du président Bachar al-Assad au futur gouvernement de transition, opinion que ne partage pas Moscou.

Russia Today

Russia rejects in the strongest possible terms allegations that it supports President Assad in the Syrian conflict. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Moscow and Beijing must 'pay a price' for backing Assad.

US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton listens during a meeting of the "I do not believe that Russia and China are paying any price at all – nothing at all – for standing up on behalf of the Assad regime.  The only way that will change is if every nation represented here directly and urgently makes it clear that Russia and China will pay a price," Clinton warned.­

Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov  said the west is operating within a friend-or-foe framework that he called outmoded.

"We categorically reject that such a question would even be posed regarding the current situation in Syria and Russia’s ‘backing’ of President Bashar Assad. This is not a question of supporting certain political figures or leaders. This is a question of managing a crisis situation in the country within a normal political framework," Ryabkov said.

"Unfortunately, we’re unable to get a basic understanding from our western partners. The west is still appealing to “friend-or-foe” terms. We considered such terminology to be a thing of the past," Ryabkov explained.

Russia and China once again opted not to attend the “Friends of Syria” meeting. Neither Moscow nor Beijing believe the meeting in the French capital will be helpful in uniting the Syrian opposition “on a constructive basis”.

"We have frankly laid out the reasons why we have restrained from joining the mechanism, the very name of which has a contradiction between the word and the deed," Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said earlier this week.

The US Secretary of State further criticized Russia for the maintenance of Syria’s Soviet-made helicopters. Two weeks ago Hillary Clinton lashed out at Russia for repairing three Syrian helicopters, saying their presence “will escalate the conflict quite dramatically.”

The Russian Foreign Ministry swiftly refuted the allegations. 

“In 2008 there was a contract to repair them. They are still to be assembled after delivery'', Lavrov said. ''That entire process will take at least three months. So to speak about something we have just sold to Syria, which is then to be used in action, is not true at all,” he added.

French President Francois Hollande demanded Bashar Assad step down while delivering an opening statement at the Friends of Syria meeting on Friday. Hollande believes a transition of political power is the only way to end the 16-month conflict in Syria.

The Friends of Syria meeting comes just a week after a UN-led summit in Geneva where the international community endeavored to reach a consensus on the conflict. They agreed to get behind UN envoy Kofi Annan’s plan for a transition government in Syria.

However, Russia said that western powers were purposely distorting the terms of the agreement to push for the removal of Assad.

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton claimed that the agreement said Assad must leave office, whereas Moscow claims that the original accord made no allusion to the removal of the Syrian president.

US to seek another UN Security Council resolution

The Paris conference wrapped up with a six-point resolution, affirming that more definitive UN Security Council action is required to resolve the Syrian crisis. 

Hillary Clinton said the lack of compliance with Annan’s peace plan or obstruction to the transition should be punished with further sanctions. 

"We should go back and ask for a resolution in the Security Council that imposes real and immediate consequences for non-compliance, including sanctions," ranging from economic measures to military force, she said.

Two previous UNSC resolutions have been vetoed by China and Russia.

Friends of Syria’s meeting also concluded with an agreement that the Syrian opposition should receive broader support, while those “who carry out and support repression” must face tougher and wider sanctions. 

In the meeting, French President Francois Hollande demanded Assad step down. The Syrian opposition also called for humanitarian corridors and a no-fly zone to be implemented.

Publicité

comments powered by Disqus
Publicité
Autres actualités
Plus populaires

PUBLICITE